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Posted on: 02 Dec 2020

caslon typeface history

Caslon's typefaces were inspired by the Dutch Baroque types, the most commonly used types in England before Caslon's faces. It is unfortunate that these artists such as Caslon don't get enough credit for their contribution to the art of typeface. Many revivals bearing William Caslon’s name have been released by various foundries. One important innovation of Adobe Caslon and other early digital fonts by Twombly was that they were among the first to be designed specifically for the new printing media associated with desktop publishing. Quoting Larry Ottino: “If the beginner learns the basic principals of form and proportion contained in the Caslon alphabet he will find that he has the base for learning of any alphabet”. [85][86], A modern attempt to capture the spirit of Caslon by William Berkson, intended for use in body text. It was replaced in 1742, the only one of the roman types to be abandoned in this way. [49]) The Caslon foundry itself covertly replaced some sizes with new, cleaner versions that could be machine-cast and cut new swash capitals.[45]. Caslon would later follow this practice himself, according to Nichols teaching his son his methods privately while locked in a room where nobody could watch them. It is hard to find a font that comes close to this style. It is not generally considered to be a member of the Caslon family of typefaces, because its design appears unrelated, and the Caslon name was only applied retroactively. 000;Core 1. Certain modern processes for reproducing texts and illustrations, however, are no longer dependent on the mechanical concept of…. Sharing the irregularity characteristics of Dutch Baroque types, Caslon is characterized by short ascenders and descenders, bracketed serifs, moderately high contrast, robust texture, and moderate modulation of stroke. For the person, see, Ludlow Typograph Company, Chicago, Illinois, USA, Arabic numerals in Caslon's time were written as what are now called, Mosley identifies other non-Caslon types as the Samaritan and Syriac, and "it is difficult to believe that the lower case of the Small Pica no. Perhaps the most widespread system is the one designed by Maximilien Voxin 1954, where typefaces are divided into nine separate categories based on common features or chronological periods. Many of Caslon's original punches and matrices survived in the collection of the Caslon company (along with many replacement and additional characters), and are now part of the St Bride Library and Type Museum collections in Britain. For my typography course, we had to critically study a typeface each and create a publication for it. "The first sans serif font to appear in a type sample book was by William Caslon IV in 1816. 2 is a superb example of the form and greatly influenced the newspaper fonts of the next century. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Caslon & Company went out of business. [93] Following the original Caslon types, it does not include bold typefaces, but uses old style figures for all numbers. Nov 20, 2014 - Portion of a final project, a 20 page type specimen for the font family of our own choosing using InDesign. Even as Caslon's type itself largely fell out of use, his reputation remained strong within the printing community. [91] He used the resources of the St Bride Library in London to thoroughly research William Caslon and his types. [2] Caslon is cited as the first original typeface of English origin, but type historians like Stanley Morison and Alfred F. Johnson, a scientist who worked at the British Museum, did point out the close similarity of Caslon's design to the Dutch Fell types cut by Voskens and other type cut by the Dutchman Van Dyck. Typography, the design, or selection, of letter forms to be organized into words and sentences to be disposed in blocks of type as printing upon a page. Smith took over the company and instructed his sons to change their surnames to Caslon in order to provide an appearance of continuity. Throughout history, typefaces have been influenced by technological advances, culture shifts, and just general boredom with the state of typography. A popular saying of typesetters is “When in doubt, use Caslon.” I think it’s awesome that a typeface that originated in the early eighteenth century and that was used for the Declaration of Independence, continues to be popular on the web. It added many features now standard in high-quality digital fonts, such as small caps, old style figures, swash letters, ligatures, alternate letters, fractions, subscripts and superscripts, and matching ornaments.[72][73]. The weight is heavier than many earlier revivals, to compensate for changes in printing processes, and the italic is less slanted (with variation in stroke angle) than on many other Caslon releases. [60] It was apparently cast from electrotypes held by American Type Founders' precursors. Though the son lacked his father’s great abilities, he maintained the reputation of the firm and, with the aid of his wife, Elizabeth, managed it skillfully. The H.W. An independent archive of typography. Caslon & Sons foundry reissued Caslon’s original types as Caslon Old Face from the original (or, at least, early) matrices. Lesser known than Thorowgood’s Clarendon, Caslon’s Ionic No. [39][18][d] His type foundry remained in business at Chiswell Street, London, but began to sell alternative and additional designs, some cut by his son William Caslon II. This decorative serif typeface was originally called Fifteenth Century, but later renamed Caslon Antique. An exuberant parody of Caslon italics created by Mark Andresen, this 1995 Emigre font was created by blending together samples of Caslon from "bits and pieces of dry transfer lettering: flakes, nicks, and all". Caslon 14-pt font for hand composition, to be closer to the original Caslon. [10] The Q, T v, w, and z all have flourishes or swashes in the original design, something not all revivals follow. Character and Use. After 1735 Caslon’s eldest son, William (1720–88), joined him and by about 1742 had become a partner. 30;makeotf. Note, however, some replacement sorts, including a. When his work came to the attention of the printer John Watts, Caslon was given the task of cutting type punches for various presses in London. Distressing varies by style, matching the effect of metal type, with large optical sizes offering the cleanest appearance. The word font itself comes from the Middle French 'fonte', meaning cast in metal. Johnson notes that his 1764 specimen "might have been produced a hundred years earlier". [59] Thomas Maitland Cleland drew a set of additional swash capitals. These included Bembo, Garamond, Plantin, Baskerville and Times New Roman.[53]. Caslon® High Cuff Henley Top. The printer and social reformer Thomas Curson Hansard wrote in 1825: At the commencement of the 18th century the native talent of the founders was so little prized by the printers of the metropolis, that they were in the habit of importing founts from Holland, ...and the printers of the present day might still have been driven to the inconvenience of importation had not a genius, in the person of William Caslon, arisen to rescue his country from the disgrace of typographical inferiority. History William Caslon in an engraved portrait by John Faber the younger English roman, a Latin text face of the Caslon stable of typefaces. Adobe Caslon Pro is the right choice for magazines, journals, book publishing, and corporate communications. According to book designer Hugh Williamson, a second decline in Caslon's popularity in Britain did, however, set in during the twentieth century due to the arrival of revivals of other old-style and transitional designs from Monotype and Linotype. Caslon was the very first alphabet that lettering artists learned to draw, so they all were very familiar with it. [19][18] According to printer and historian John Nichols, the main source on Caslon's life, the accuracy of his work came to the attention of prominent London printers, who advanced him money to carve steel punches for printing, first for exotic languages and then as his reputation developed for the Latin alphabet. William Caslon IV: William Caslon IV – born 1780, died 1869 – type founder. Caslon type again entered a new technology with phototypesetting, mostly in the 1960s and 1970s, and then again with digital typesetting technology. The success of Caslon’s new typefaces in England was almost instantaneous, and, as a result, he received loans and sufficient trade to enable him to set up a complete typefoundry. Caslon achieved success both at home and abroad, and the American Declaration of Independence was printed in 1776 using Caslon type. With additional weights and a matching Egyptian companion, Antique No. Besides regular text fonts, Caslon cut blackletter or 'Gothic' types, which were also printed on his specimen. Founders Caslon Text: Caslon Old Face (8, 10, 12, 14, 18), Caslon Ornaments. William Caslon's specimen sheet (dated 1734 but actually issued from 1738 onwards). [12] Caslon's larger-size roman fonts have two serifs on the 'C', while his smaller-size versions have one half-arrow serif only at top right. Punchcutting was a difficult technique and many of the techniques used were kept secr… [99][100][101], This 2006 creation by P22 is based on the pages produced by Benjamin Franklin circa 1750. And yet it is so soundly made that words that are set in it keep their shape and are comfortably readable...It is a type that works best in the narrow measure of a two-column page or in quite modest octavos. Oct 27, 2015 - William Caslon Caslon 1720 1726 Poster by Nichole Grieser 2014 [90] Adobe Caslon, LTC Caslon, Williams Caslon and Big Caslon (italics only, in the Font Bureau release) all offer a 'Th' ligature as default or as an alternate. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Caslon is the name given to serif typefaces designed by William Caslon I (c. 1692–1766) in London, or inspired by his work. Berkson described his design choices in an extensive article series.[89][15]. William Caslon I was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. [34] After William Caslon I’s death, the use of his types diminished, but had a revival between 1840–80 as a part of the British Arts and Crafts movement. Caslon typefaces set the aesthetic standard for book design, and by the 20th century, the name Caslon referred not only to a specific set of typefaces, but an entire brand. [36], Caslon's types fell out of interest in the late eighteenth century, to some extent first due to the arrival of "transitional"-style typefaces like Baskerville and then more significantly with the growing popularity of "Didone" or modern designs in Britain, under the influence of the quality of printing achieved by printers such as Bodoni. While not used extensively in Europe,[18] Caslon types were distributed throughout the British Empire, including British North America, where they were used on the printing of the U.S. From Caslon to Quadraat: A history of the LRB in fonts and covers - Duration: 8:31. [75] It is also available with Adobe's Typekit programme, in some weights for free. [4][22] As British printers had little success or experience of making their own types, they were forced to use equipment bought from the Netherlands, or France, and Caslon's types are therefore clearly influenced by the popular Dutch typefaces of his period. The letterforms of Caslon's roman, or upright type include an 'A' with a concave hollow at top left and a 'G' without a downwards-pointing spur at bottom right. Our ultrawearable sweaters, tops and jeans are everyday essentials and pair perfectly with sandals in the summer, booties in the winter and wedge sneakers year-round. Caslon's types became so popular that the expression about typeface choice, "when in doubt, use Caslon," came about. These were the condensed typefaces of the Fann Street Foundry, which were also the first ever registered typefaces, Gray dates this as October 1845, which would mean the design precedes this date. Since the Caslon Foundary was in business for a long time, there are many Caslon typefaces. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Caslon’s first specimen sheet was issued in 1734 and exhibited his roman and italic types in 14 different sizes. Some of the types shown were not cut by Caslon, most notably the French Canon roman (probably cut by Joseph Moxon). William Caslon's specimen sheet (dated 1734 but actually issued from 1738 onwards). It has remained popular since and has been digitised by Monotype.[69]. William Caslon III – born 1754, died 1833 – type founder. These typefaces are packaged in the following formats: However, following the death of Justin Howes, the revived H.W. Caslon is regarded by many to be the greatest of English letter writers. Font vs typeface: A history. Caslon, originally classified as Oldstyle, but is now Transitional, is a serif typeface developed originally by British Typographer William Caslon in 1722. [3] Due to the cachet of the Caslon name, some of the recuttings and modifications of the original Caslon types were apparently not publicly admitted. His work helped to modernize the book, making it a separate creation rather than a printed imitation of the old hand-produced book. Caslon’s work has a permanent place in the history of typography. Caslon typeface by saito student. [58], Caslon #471 was the release of the "original" Caslon type sold by American Type Founders. 1 type as "type with generous proportions and it was normally cast with letter-spacing that was not too tight, characteristics that are needed in types on a small body. Based his type on Dutch models. [43], Similarly, Edward Bull in 1842 called Caslon "the great chief and father of English type. His major influences were the Dutch designers Christoffel van … 4. The license information stated by the members is usually correct but we cannot guarantee it. Caslon Initials. It is not to be confused with a totally different 'Caslon FB' by Jill Pichotta, inspired by bold condensed Caslon-inspired typefaces used in American newspaper headlines. [13] Modern Caslon revivals also often add features such as a matching boldface and 'lining' numbers at the height of capital letters, neither of which were used in Caslon's time. Other articles where Caslon is discussed: William Caslon: …later came to be called Caslon. though this did little to deter piracy. The history about the Caslon typeface was very interesting especially reading about how these typefaces were made before wonderful technology we have to day. By the original Caslon Company, inherited by William Caslon II: By a breakaway company run by William Caslon III: Late specimen sheet of the Caslon foundry from 1924: American Type Founders, 1923 Specimen Book: This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 21:46. Adobe Caslon Pro Semibold Italic 1. Adobe Caslon For her Caslon revival, designer Carol Twombly studied specimen pages printed by William Caslon between 1734 and 1770. Caslon in use. William Caslon was born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire (England). [3], Some Caslon faces were augmented by adding new features, in particular swash capitals for historicist printing. Uses are tagged with this generic entry unless a specific revival is confirmed (see Related Typefaces). History William Caslon in an engraved portrait by John Faber the younger English roman, a Latin text face of the Caslon stable of typefaces. [45][46][47][48], Fine printing presses, notably the Chiswick Press, bought original Caslon type from the Caslon foundry; copies of these matrices were also made by electrotyping. We give great importance to copyright and have developed some techniques to make sure that the previously mentioned issue doesn't occur, also the system automatically displays the copyright information of the … Printers cast complete sets of metal letters to make up a font. [45] From the 1860s new types began to appear in a style similar to Caslon's, starting from Miller & Richard's Modernised Old Style of c. History. Caslon established a tradition of engraving type in London, which previously had not been common, and was influenced by the imported Dutch Baroque typefaces that were popular in England at the time. The history of Caslon. Adobe Caslon History Considered the first original English typeface, it shares many characteristics of the Dutch Baroque type fonts of the era, and may be a variation on the Dutch Fell type fonts cut by Voskens or Van Dyck at that time. Apparently sensing a business opportunity, the Fry Foundry set up in business offering copies of John Baskerville's types in the late eighteenth century, but (apparently finding this unsuccessful given preference for Caslon amongst conservative British printers) began also to issue copies of Caslon's types "with such accuracy as not to be distinguished from those of that celebrated Founder". [10] The italic J has a crossbar and a rotated casting was used by Caslon in many sizes on his specimens to form the pound sign. Around 1720 he created an extended set of serif typefaces. Caslon worked as an engraver of punches, the masters used to stamp the moulds or matrices used to cast metal type. In 1720 he designed an “English Arabic” typeface used in a psalter and a New Testament. A number of Caslon revivals are 'distressed' in style, adding intentional irregularities to capture the worn, jagged feel of metal type. The history of Caslon William Caslon I was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. Caslon's pica replaces it in his printing from 1725…Caslon's Great Primer roman, first used in 1728, a type that was much admired in the twentieth century, is clearly related to the Text Romeyn of Voskens, a type of the early seventeenth century used by several London printers and now attributed to the punch-cutter Nicolas Briot of Gouda. OverviewCaslon Antique is a decorative American typeface that was designed in 1894 by Berne Nadall. A heavy version of Caslon 540, released by American Type Founders in 1966. Founders Caslon 1776: Caslon Old Face (14), Caslon Ornaments. "[4][29][c] Mosley describes Caslon's Long Primer No. [78][f] It is used by Boston magazine and the Harvard Crimson.[81]. Features Fullscreen sharing Embed Statistics Article stories Visual Stories SEO. This new typeface caught on quickly and began to appear all over Europe and the U.S. under the names "Grotesque" and "Sans Serif." Caslon & Company name, and released an expanded version of the ITC typefaces under the Founders Caslon name.[94][95]. Caslon III sold his share of the business to his mother and daugther-in-law and used the money to buy the Jackson type foundry, The type foundry remained the property of the Caslon family until 1795. Up until this point, all written materials were done by hand, and were very costly to purchase. Instant comfort through natural fibers, ultrawearable silhouettes and zero distractions. It is used quite a lot in magazines, journals, books, and as a corporate typeface. Uses are tagged with this generic entry unless a specific revival is confirmed (see Related Typefaces). Despite the name, it has no connection to Caslon: it was an import of the French typeface "Le Moreau-le-Jeune", created by Fonderie Peignot in Paris, by ATF branch Barnhart Brothers & Spindlers. Restored extract from the specimen sheet below. MuirMcNeil’s Cut typeface is a modernist homage to 18th and 19th century typefaces such as Didot (Image credit: MuirMcNeil) The difference between a font and a typeface has its roots in the history of printing. 6, it is a masterpiece of type designed to be robust and legible. —A Short History of the Printed Word, Chappell and Bringhurst, page 92. See more ideas about Caslon, Typography, Typeface. [59] The italic was distributed by Letraset with a matching set of swashes. Caslon’s Greek script is a hybrid of roman and italic. These could be used for purposes such as title pages, emphasis and drop caps. [74] A modification is used on U. VA's logo. Caslon typefaces set the aesthetic standard for book design, and by the 20th century, the name Caslon referred not only to a specific set of typefaces, but an entire brand. [45] The H.W. Close. Caslon & Sons foundry was also acquired by Stephenson Blake & Co, who thereafter added 'the Caslon Letter Foundry' to their name. Both the original 1915, and this version are offered with long and short descenders. [87][88] Although not aimed at being fully authentic in every respect, the typeface closely follows Caslon's original specimen sheet in many respects. His types eventually spread all over Europe and the American colonies, where one of his fonts was used to print the Declaration of Independence.

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